5:51am

Fri June 15, 2012
Europe

Crisis Exposes Gaps In Greek Electorate

Originally published on Fri June 15, 2012 6:35 pm

Greeks are headed back to the polls Sunday after last month's inconclusive parliamentary election left the country without a governing coalition. And like the last time, people are polarized over harsh austerity measures imposed on Greece as part of a large European economic bailout.

The split is between those who support the conservative New Democracy party, which backs the bailout deal, and those who favor the leftist Syriza party, which has vowed to scrap it. Both parties are running neck and neck, despite vocal warnings from many EU leaders that a bailout rejection will lead to a deeper crisis and Greece's exit from the eurozone.

"Fear is the ruling factor in these elections," political consultant Vassilios Dascalopoulos says. "Fear of uncertainty, insecurity – it's the most constant parameter."

New Democracy has been running a TV ad raising the specter of a Greek eurozone exit. In it, a teacher reads from a list of eurozone members: Cyprus, Belgium, Ireland, Portugal, Spain. A little girl asks, "And Greece, sir? Why not Greece?"

Then, a deep baritone weighs in: "We don't play with our kids' future."

Maria Kousiaki, 21, echoes the party's warnings. "I fear economic problems with bank, with politics, anarchy and maybe fascism," she says outside a New Democracy kiosk as party leader Antonis Samaras greets supporters.

"We're trying to get rid of this very negative climate that jeopardizes our future because there area no investments," Samaras says, "because tourism is going down, unfortunately, due to this very negative environment."

Despite fears of Greece's banishment from the eurozone should Syriza win, the party has won over a large portion of the depleted middle class in this austerity-weary country.

Its slogan is simple but optimistic: "We leave the bailout behind and open the path to hope."

On one sweltering afternoon, people gathered for a Syriza town hall-style meeting in Thrakomakedones, a residential area and longtime New Democracy stronghold. The residents want to know what a Syriza government would do for them — retirees who have seen their pensions slashed, businessmen gone bankrupt, young people with no job prospects.

A psychotherapist named Terapia Masaraki says many Greeks will switch to Syriza because it promises to restore what they lost. "Many people are not so depressed. They have hope because they want to change. No longer passive. No, it's over in Greece. Over. We want to change."

A few months ago, Syriza was a marginal, far-left party. But it saw a swell of support in the May elections. It finished second to New Democracy, which like the other long-governing Socialist party, suffered huge losses due to its support for tough German-dictated austerity measures known as the memorandum.

With Greece's 40-year-old political establishment imploding, Syriza has projected a solid image, says Dascalopoulos, the political consultant. "They have been persistent to their message of anti-memorandum agenda, and they have been able to create an umbrella for all protest in Greece from far right to far left," he says.

But reviving the country's economy is a daunting task: five years of recession, salaries slashed up to 50 percent, unemployment at record highs, health care cut to the bone.

George Stathakis, a Syriza member of Parliament and economist, outlines his party's plan to reverse the downward spiral. "There will be a major redistribution of income from the wealthy to the poorer strata of society, protect the welfare state and try to improve its performance. We will freeze wages and salaries at the current level."

Given the fissures in Greek society as the country sinks deeper into the debt crisis, no single party is expected to win an outright majority in Sunday's election.

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

Now, while Egypt looks at re-running their parliamentary election, that process is already underway in Greece. Voters there go back to the polls Sunday after an inconclusive election in May left the country without a governing coalition. Like the last time, the debate has been highly polarized. Two major parties on the ballot sum up the stark choice facing Greeks. The conservatives of the New Democracy Party support the EU bailout deal, and the leftist Syriza Party vows to ditch the harsh bailout and austerity plan. NPR's Sylvia Poggioli reports as the country sinks deeper into the debt crisis.

(SOUNDBITE OF TV BROADCAST)

UNIDENTIFIED MAN #1: (Speaking Greek)

SYLVIA POGGIOLI, BYLINE: This New Democracy TV spot raises the specter of a Greek eurozone exit. A teacher lists other members.

(SOUNDBITE OF TV BROADCAST)

UNIDENTIFIED GIRL: (Speaking Greek)

POGGIOLI: A little girl asks: And Greece, sir? Why not Greece?

(SOUNDBITE OF TV BROADCAST)

UNIDENTIFIED MAN #2: (Speaking Greek)

POGGIOLI: A deep baritone weighs in: We don't play with our kids' future.

VASSILIOS DASCALOPOULOS: Fear is the ruling factor in these elections.

POGGIOLI: Vassilios Dascalopoulos is a political consultant.

DASCALOPOULOS: Fear of uncertainty, insecurity, it's the most constant parameter.

(SOUNDBITE OF CROWD CHATTER)

POGGIOLI: Outside a New Democracy kiosk, 21-year-old Maria Kousiaki echoes the party's apocalyptic warning.

MARIA KOUSIAKI: I fear economic problems with the bank, with politics, anarchy, and maybe fascism.

(SOUNDBITE OF CROWD CHANTING)

POGGIOLI: Cheers break out for party leader Antonis Samaras.

ANTONIS SAMARAS NEW DEMOCRACY PARTY: We are trying to getting rid of all this very negative climate which jeopardizes our future, because there are no investments, because tourism is going down unfortunately due to this very negative environment.

POGGIOLI: And yet despite the fear of Greece's banishment from the eurozone is Syriza wins, the radical leftist party has won over a large portion of the depleted middle class in this austerity-weary country. It's slogan in simple but optimistic: We leave the bailout behind the open the path to hope.

(SOUNDBITE OF CROWD CHATTER)

POGGIOLI: Thrakomakedones is a residential area and long-time New Democracy stronghold. It's a hot afternoon, but many residents gather for a Syriza town hall-like meeting. They want to know what a Syriza government would do for them - retirees whose pensions were slashed, bankrupt businessmen, young people with no job prospects. A psychotherapist appropriately named Terapia Masaraki, says many Greeks will switch to Syriza because it promises to restore what they lost.

TERAPIA MASARAKI. PSYCHOTHERAPIST: Many people are not so depressed. They have hope because they want to change. No longer passive. No. It's over in Greece. Over. We want to change.

POGGIOLI: Two months ago, Syriza was a marginal far-left party, but in the May 6 elections it soared to 16 percent. It came in second to New Democracy, which like the other long-governing Socialist Party suffered huge losses thanks to its support for tough German-dictated austerity measures known as the memorandum. With a 40-year-old political establishment imploding, political consultant Dascalopoulos says Syriza has projected a solid image.

DASCALOPOULOS: They have been persistent to their message of anti-memorandum agenda, and they have been able to create an umbrella for all protest in Greece, from far right to far left.

POGGIOLI: But reviving the economy is a daunting task. Five years of recession, salaries slashed up to 50 percent, unemployment at record highs, health care cut to the bone. George Stathakis a Syriza MP and economist, outlines his party's plan to reverse the downward spiral.

GEORGE STATHAKIS: It will be a major redistribution of income from the wealthy to the poorer strata of the society, protect the welfare state, and try to improve its performance. We will freeze wages and salaries at the current level.

POGGIOLI: No single party is expected to win an outright majority, but Syriza is running neck and neck with New Democracy, despite vocal warning from many E.U. leaders that a bailout rejection will lead to a deeper crisis and Greece's exit from the eurozone. Sylvia Poggioli, NPR News, Athens.

GREENE: You're listening to MORNING EDITION from NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.